Rejuvenation of the Lower Eyelid Complex

Authors: Stephen W. Perkins, M.D., and Rami K. Batniji, M.D., F.A.C.S.

Facial Plast Surg. 2005 Nov;21(4):279-85.

Abstract:
Blepharoplasty is one of the most common cosmetic surgeries performed on the male patient. Whereas in the past the male patient would present later in life for eyelid surgery to address functional issues, he now presents earlier in life with an interest in aesthetic improvement as the primary motivating factor. This article reviews the approach of the senior author (SWP) to rejuvenation of the lower eyelid complex. Specifically, we discuss the indications for and techniques of the transcutaneous and transconjunctival approaches for blepharoplasty. As well, adjunctive procedures for rejuvenation of the lower eyelid complex, including fat transposition, lateral canthoplasty, and skin resurfacing, are reviewed.